On December 23, 2019, the National Conference on Industry and Information Technology was convened in Beijing. The meeting made arrangements for 2020 key tasks. The general requirement is to adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping's new era of socialist ideas with Chinese characteristics and fully implement the spirit of the 19th CPC National Congress and the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Plenary Sessions of the 19th CPC Central Committee, and thoroughly implement the Party Central Committee, the State Council ’s decision-making arrangements, and the central economy. The spirit of the work conference is closely linked to the goal and task of building a well-off society in an all-round way, adhering to the general tone of progress in stability, adhering to the new development concept, adhering to the main line of structural reform on the supply side, focusing on accelerating the construction of a modern economic system and promoting high-quality development. The construction of a strong manufacturing country and a strong network nation will speed up the promotion of industrial basic capabilities and industrial chain levels, solidly do a good job of the "six stability", make overall plans to promote stable growth, promote reform, strengthen the foundation, adjust the structure, deep integration, prevent risks, and maintain the industrial communications industry Operate in a reasonable interval to ensure the successful completion of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" and better support and guarantee the comprehensive construction of a well-off society.
The meeting called for a focus on seven key areas of work.
The first is to implement the "six stability" deployment to ensure that the industrial economy operates within a reasonable range; the second is to highlight coordinated research to improve the basic ability of the industry and the level of the industrial chain; the third is to focus on key areas and accelerate the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry; the fourth is to focus on integrated development Fifth, improve the institutional system and enhance the confidence and competitiveness of enterprise development; Sixth, enhance governance capabilities and promote high-quality development of the information and communication industry. Seventh, deepen reform and opening up and create a good environment conducive to high-quality development.
Among them, in the second article "Improving industrial basic capabilities and the level of the industrial chain" , we actively promoted the orderly shifting of production capacity in coastal areas to the central and western regions and the northeast region, focusing on building a number of high-end manufacturing bases in medium-sized cities with good basic conditions. . Article 3, "Focusing on key areas and accelerating the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry" , proposes to consolidate the results of de-capacity and to promote the disposal of "zombie enterprises" in an orderly manner. Promote the development of electric arc furnace short-process steelmaking. Accelerate the relocation and transformation of hazardous chemical production enterprises, and ensure that the relocation and transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises in urban densely populated areas and large enterprises with major hidden risks are fully completed by the end of 2020.
Tiered shift of production capacity and actively promoted the development of the central and western regions. The eastern coastal areas have taken the lead in development under the conditions of policies and superior geographical conditions, and the level of urbanization has been rapidly promoted, while structural development differences still exist in the central and western regions. It is possible to promote the orderly shift of coastal production capacity to the central and western regions and the northeast. By taking advantage of the advantages of human resources in the central and western regions, they can support the economic development of the central and western regions and the northeastern region. They can also free up market space in the eastern region and develop industries with higher added value. At present, China's basic raw materials industry is showing a trend of shifting to coastal areas. Steelmaking, petrochemicals, etc. are re-establishing new industrial belts in the eastern coastal areas to use resources such as iron ore, coal, and petroleum brought by the convenience of shipping. Some labor-intensive industries will gradually shift to the Midwest and Northeast China to take advantage of the still cheaper local human resources and change the annual migration problem of the working population.
Promote the disposal of zombie production capacity, and decapacity work has entered a consolidation phase. After three years of efforts, in the context of supply-side structural reforms, the problem of capacity reduction in major industries has been resolved. The capacity reduction tasks of the steel and coal industries during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period have also been successfully completed, and the task of capacity reduction has entered into consolidation. stage. However, there is still a large amount of zombie capacity in the manufacturing industry, and the cleanup of zombie capacity still needs to be performed.
Actively promote the development of electric arc furnace steelmaking. At present, the basic conditions for the development of electric arc furnaces in China have been met. The acceleration of urbanization has brought a large amount of social waste steel accumulation. The development of the power industry has provided reorganized energy support. The conditions that restrict the development of electric arc furnaces have been basically solved. In terms of capacity replacement, the development of electric arc furnaces is still relatively lagging. Judging from the statistics of Zhuochuang Information, the newly invested steelmaking capacity of the capacity replacement project in the past three years has exceeded 300 million tons, of which the electric arc furnace capacity is only more than 88 million tons, accounting for 29% of the new project capacity. The policies, resources, and energy conditions for the development of electric arc furnace short-process steelmaking are in place, but they have not yet entered the centralized release period.
Relocation of hazardous chemical production enterprises to improve urban living environment. According to the trend of industrial development, companies with pollution and safety issues need to stay away from densely populated areas. Due to historical reasons, many cities have been built due to factories, and many enterprises have become "factories in cities", which has many hidden safety hazards. Several major safety accidents in recent years have also reminded the industry of its development. Therefore, the state has proposed the goal of “to ensure the complete relocation of small and medium-sized enterprises in urban densely populated areas and large-scale enterprises with major risks and hidden dangers by the end of 2020. . Existing domestic dangerous chemical production enterprises near densely populated areas may face the problem of production suspension and relocation.
After the Central Economic Work Conference was held in mid-December, various ministries and commissions are also actively convening various meetings to deploy economic work tasks in 2020. 2020 is not just the end of the 13th Five-Year Plan period, but also a comprehensively well-off society. In the face of the downward pressure on the economy, we must pay attention to cyclical issues and actively change institutional and structural issues to ensure high-quality economic development.